What is Deep web?
The Deep web is the part of the World Wide Web whose contents are not indexed or accessed by any standard web search engines (such as Google, Yahoo, Bing etc) for a certain reason (intentionally). The opposite nature of the Deep web is Surface Web which is accessible by anyone who is connected to the internet.
Deep web contains email messages, chat messages, private content on social media sites, electronic bank statements, electronic health records, government data, military data, research papers etc.
In details, the Deep web is the portion of the web which is intentionally hidden to the world. You will be amazed to know that Deep web is the most dominant part of the internet. Statistics show that about 96 % of the internet contents are part of the Deep web which means that they are completely hidden to the world. No one exactly knows what types of data it (Deep web) actually contains.
What is Dark web?
Dark web is the part of the World Wide Web contents that exist on Overlay networks (Computer network that is built on top of another network) and requires specific software, configurations or authorization to access it.
Dark web is actually a part of the Deep web whose main focus is on illegal activities such as Human trafficking, Drug markets, Hitman Killer, Illegal pornography, Social media test, Hacking services, Botnets services, Bitcoin services etc.
How does Dark web work?
The Darknets (overlay networks) which constitute the Dark web include small, friend-to-friend (users who only make direct connections with people they know) networks or peer-to-peer networks, as well as large, popular networks like Tor, Freenet, and I2P, operated by many public organizations and individuals.
Tools used to access the Dark web
Tor (Dark web) refers to the network’s top-level domain suffix (.onion) and the traffic anonymization technique of Onion routing. Tor directs Internet traffic through a free worldwide volunteer overlay network consisting of more than thousands relays (actually servers) to protect user’s lp address from being tracked.
The Freenet (Dark web) networking system uses a decentralized distributed data store for publishing information and communicating to the Web without fear of censorship (exposed identity).
The Invisible Internet Project (I2P) is a network layer that achieves anonymous connections by encrypting the user’s traffic (by using end-to-end encryption) and sending it through a volunteer-run network of roughly more than thousands of computers distributed around the world. This gives less possibility of the traffic being tracked.
Basically, Dark web refers to a certain type of networking environment which overlays on the internet. We need specific tools such as Tor, Freenet, I2P etc to access it. Dark web uses these tools to hide or protect the identification of the user.
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